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How to calculate necessary flow of fan for cooling the drives in the cabinet?

Published date: 15 February 2019

The most precise method for calculating heating/cooling system for cabinet is to use dedicated software for cabinet thermal calculation. ProClima software is available on schenider web. 
Besides that, it is also possible to calculation required fan flow manually, though certain inaccuracy will be caused by not-knowing the amount of heat dissipated by cabinet walls.
Manual calculation can be done based on following known (input) data: 

- Total heat produced inside cabinet (W) - Ptotal
- Max ambient temperatue (of cooling air) (deg.C) - Tomax 
- Max allowed temp inside cabinet (deg.C)  - Timax
- Parameters of cooling air (specific thermal capacity c, density ro) 

Min air flow is calculated as :

Qmin=
Ptotal /(ro*c*(Tomax-Timax)) 

Where Qmin is in m3/s
Ptotal in kW
ro in kg/m3
c in kJ/(kg.K)
Tomax, Timax in degrees celsius

To get valu eof flow in m3/h, multiply result by 3600.
Qmin (m3/h) = 3600 * Qmin (m3/s)

In case of air:
ro=1.1kg/m3 (at 40 degrees Celsius)
c= aprox 1kJ/kgK

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